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!Free E-pub ☢ A Theology of the New Testament ♂ Ladd s magisterial work on New Testament theology has well served thousands of seminary students since its publication inEnhanced and updated here by Donald A Hagner, this comprehensive, standard evangelical text now features augmented bibliographies and two completely new chapters on subjects that Ladd himself wanted to treat in a revised edition the theology of each of the Synoptic Evangelists and the issue of unity and diversity in the New Testament written, respectively, by R T France and David Wenham
This is evangelical biblical scholarship at its best While it is an older work, it is still a fantastic resource that is worth going back to again and again Ladd s work on the kingdom of God continues to have an impact New Testament scholars can learn much from Ladd s balanced perspective. I have to edit this review somewhat I had earlier called Ladd the last of the old biblical theology guys I don t think that is accurate His already not yet model broke new ground Ladd is noted for two positions in this book his claim that the Church and the Kingdom are not identical to each other contra the Westminster Confession of Faith and historic premillennialism As for the first point He makes a good argument for the two being distinct, and I think I lean towards his position I have to edit this review somewhat I had earlier called Ladd the last of the old biblical theology guys I don t think that is accurate His already not yet model broke new ground Ladd is noted for two positions in this book his claim that the Church and the Kingdom are not identical to each other contra the Westminster Confession of Faith and historic premillennialism As for the first point He makes a good argument for the two being distinct, and I think I lean towards his position But his argument isn t air tight and one gets the impression that the biblical evidence is actually ambiguous Maybe it is the Bible s way of telling us this is the wrong question to ask Maybe the way we ask the question reveals an artificial outlook on Kingdom vs Church This is certainly damaging to thegnostic versions of Reformedom.As to his second point, I must demur I demur for two reasons I had earlier rejected Ladd s premillennialism Now I hold to it This book is good, but is quite dated On an intersting side note, Hagner and the other editors espouse the New Perspective reading on Paul In a footnote they correct Ladd s view on the Israelite trying to merit his salvation Edit I now lean towards Ladd s historic premil view A theology of the New testament by G.E Ladd40Biblical theology is that discipline which sets forth the message of the books of the Bible in their historical setting Biblical theology is primarily a descriptive discipline It is not initially concerned with the final meaning of the teachings A theology of the New testament by G.E Ladd40Biblical theology is that discipline which sets forth the message of the books of the Bible in their historical setting Biblical theology is primarily a descriptive discipline It is not initially concerned with the final meaning of the teachings of the Bible or their relevance for today This is the task of systematic theology Biblical theology has the task of expounding the theology found in the Bible in its own historical setting, and its own terms, categories, and thought forms p 20 Biblical theology is neither the story of humanity s search for God, nor is it a description of a history of religious experience Biblical theology is theology it is primarily a story about God and his concern for human beings It exists only because of the divine initiative realizing itself in a series of divine acts whose objective is human redemption Biblical theology therefore is not exclusively, or even primarily, a system of abstract theological truths It is basically the description and interpretation of the divine activity within the scene of human history that seeks humanity s redemption p.21 an blok Jesus and the victory of God ,,,, ,3 Introduction by Donald A Hagner, Matthew, Mark, and Luke by R T France, form criticism, reduction criticism, literary criticism 3 Unity and Diversity in the New Testament by David Wenham Unity and diversity of the New Testament , The best book to approach for the first time new testament theology, Ladd uses a canonical and thematic approach. Un excelente comentario. It is only the ambitious man who would endeavor to publish a book on the theology of the New Testament and it is only the well respected man who could get it published by Eerdmans Publishing Company George Eldon Ladd is one such man His volume A Theology of the New Testament was first published by Eerdmans in 1974 and the revised edition, edited by Donald A Hagner, was released in 1993 In the 35 years of its life, Ladd s work has served an important role in seminary classrooms So you can It is only the ambitious man who would endeavor to publish a book on the theology of the New Testament and it is only the well respected man who could get it published by Eerdmans Publishing Company George Eldon Ladd is one such man His volume A Theology of the New Testament was first published by Eerdmans in 1974 and the revised edition, edited by Donald A Hagner, was released in 1993 In the 35 years of its life, Ladd s work has served an important role in seminary classrooms So you can imagine how one might feel being asked to review such a book I feel less inclined to review it than to reread it, largely because much of what little I know about the theology of the New Testament came from this very work As previously mentioned, the endeavor is an ambitious one to write a theology of the New Testament Ladd approaches this task by dividing the New Testament into major sections based on authorship the synoptic Gospels, the fourth Gospel, Paul, etc , but blends this with a topical arrangement Thus he seeks both to recognize the unique literary styles and theological flavors of each writer while also exploring theology in a systematic way This attempt to balance a respect for the diversity in the New Testament with honor for its unity, colors the entire work From introduction to appendix and every chapter in between this volume carefully presents its theology in such a way that it can affirm both differences and similarities between and sometimes within New Testament books Ladd himself was clear that he disdained the idea of a flat Bible, with only one, solitary theology, and speaks freely of the theology of Acts or Paul s theology Further, in the revised edition, contributing author David Wenham explores the question of unity and diversity in the New Testament in aextended way something that Ladd wished to see in a revised edition, though he died before he could see that hope realized viii Literally from the introduction through the conclusion, the themes of unity and diversity of the NT are present A careful student of the New Testament can discern the theological diversity there and many biblical scholars have made much of this diversity, some going so far as to question if there was a single unified Christianity at all What has endeared Ladd to much of the evangelical community is that he builds his theology upon the conviction that the Scriptural record is inspired This concept of inspiration means that Ladd sees many authors with many emphases, but one Author behind it all Thus he can recognize unity where he sees it However, Ladd is no fundamentalist and this volume makes an effort to acknowledge the work of scholars whose views do not accord with his own This is done both in the bibliographies and in the body of the text The efforts of Ladd and Hagner have paid off The result of Ladd s original work and Hagner s updates is a sturdy volume that takes seriously the biblical text and is also conversant with biblical scholarship All major themes are covered and are arranged in such an order that it makes the book a convenient resource for understanding the theological emphases of various New Testament authors The only way that this reviewer might suggest improving the volume is to revise it again More than 15 years have passed since this revised edition was published and to keep it relevant it needs to begin again the conversations with recent scholarship If indeed it does so, A Theology of the New Testament by George Eldon Ladd will serve well manystudents and thinkers in years to come This is a definitive work, written from a conservative but not fundamentalist standpoint For instance, his treatment of different theories of the end times pre milllenial, post millenial, etc is as balanced and thorough as any I have read At the end of it he chooses the amillenial position as the most reasonable, but without a hint of the rancour that usually characterizes that discussion His discussion of Paul s theology has stood me in good stead many times when I can remember it George Eldon Ladd offers a solid New Testament Theology from a premillennial, non dispensational perspective Chapter 1 offers an Introduction, beginning with a historical overview of New Testament Theology from the Middle Ages to modern Biblical Theology An extended treatment on Biblical Theology, History, and Revelation follows, including Salvation History, the canon, and unity and diversity.Part 1 covers major themes with regard to the Synoptic Gospels Chapter 2 discusses John the Baptist George Eldon Ladd offers a solid New Testament Theology from a premillennial, non dispensational perspective Chapter 1 offers an Introduction, beginning with a historical overview of New Testament Theology from the Middle Ages to modern Biblical Theology An extended treatment on Biblical Theology, History, and Revelation follows, including Salvation History, the canon, and unity and diversity.Part 1 covers major themes with regard to the Synoptic Gospels Chapter 2 discusses John the Baptist John the Baptist as a new prophet, the arrival of the kingdom, John s baptism, Jesus and John the Baptist, as well as a comparison with the fourth Gospel are all presented Chapter 3 introduces the kingdom showing the need for the kingdom through the world and humanity Topics covered include Eschatological dualism, the spirit world including Satan and demons , concluding with the world and humanity Chapter 4 presents the Kingdom of God beginning with interpretations on the kingdom, with the Kingdom of God in Judaism as a comparison covered next The meaning of the term, as well as its comparison with the term Kingdom of Heaven is also discussed An examination of the Eschatological Kingdom and present kingdom round out the chapter Chapter 5 outlines the new age of salvation beginning with extending the kingdom discussion in Chapter 4 with treatments on the kingdom as a present realm of blessing and a present gift Salvation is covered next as a series of gifts with the gifts of salvation, forgiveness, and righteousness Chapter 6 focuses on the God of the kingdom God is covered extensively as the seeking, inviting, Fatherly, and judging God Chapter 7 offers an extended treatment on the mystery of the kingdom After a brief overview of interpretation, an exegesis of the mystery of the kingdom is included next Some of the exegetical treatments included are the parable of the four soils, the tares, the parable of the mustard seed, the parable of the leaven, the treasure and the pearl, the net, and the seed growing by itself Chapter 8 covers the kingdom and the church The chapter begins with a discussion on Jesus and Israel, going into a discussion on the believing remnant and Matthew 16 Discussions follow concerning the relationship between the kingdom and the church, showing the church is not the kingdom, the kingdom creates the church, the church witnesses to the kingdom, and the church is the instrument and custodian of the kingdom Chapter 9 discusses the ethics of the kingdom After a brief survey, a discussion on Jesus and the law follows Presentations on the ethics of the reign of God, absolute ethics, and ethics of the inner life are covered The attainment of righteousness, and rewards and grace, round out the chapter Chapter 10 offers an extended treatment on the Messiah A discussion of the Messiah in the Old Testament begins the chapter, followed by the Messianic idea in Judaism The Messianic expectation in the Gospels, as well as discussions on Jesus and the Messiah and the Son of David, round out the chapter Chapter 11 covers the Son of Man as a Messianic title, beginning with the background of the title A detailed analysis of the term Son of Man in the Synoptics follows Treatments on the earthly, suffering, and apocalyptic Son of Man round out the chapter Chapter 12 offers an extended treatment on the Messianic title Son of God, beginning with the meaning of the title The Messianic title Son of God in Judaism is covered next, as well as discussions on the Divine Man, the Son of God title in the Gospels, and presentations on the baptism, the temptation, and Lord Debates before the Pharisees and the Sanhedrin are also covered.Chapter 13 examines the Messianic problem and the historical Jesus, including the nature of the Gospels Form criticism of the Gospels and historicity are covered, as well as overviews of the historical Jesus and the Messianic secret Chapter 14 covers the Messianic mission, specifically the crucifixion, beginning with the event of the crucifixion Predictions of the passion and Jesus expectation of death are also covered Examinations of Jesus death as Messianic, atoning, substitutionary, sacrificial, and eschatological, and as a victory, round out the chapter Chapter 15 offers an extended treatment on Eschatology, beginning with individual Eschatology Resurrection and Hell are also presented Jesus view of the future, including the coming of the kingdom, judgement, and the timing of the kingdom with its imminence are also presented Chapter 16 offers a chapter by R.T France on the Synoptic Gospels Matthew, Mark, and Luke , including a discussion on the fourfold Gospel, as well as discussions concerning the structure and major themes of each of the Synoptic Gospels.Part 2 focuses on the fourth Gospel the Gospel of John Chapter 17 outlines the critical problem, including differences between the Gospel of John and the Synoptics and the historical background of the Gospel of John Chapter 18 offers an extended treatment on Johannine dualism, including darkness and light, flesh and spirit, the world kosmos , as well as comparisons of Greek and Qumran dualism with the Gospel of John Chapter 19 presents Ladd s Christology with regard to the Gospel of John Concepts include the Logos, Messiah, the Son of Man and Son of God, the Son s mission, and the humanity and divinity of the Son Chapter 20 offers an extended treatment on the concept of eternal life, as well as contrasts with Gnosticism The Jewish background of eternal life, the eschatological concept of eternal life, and examination of the concept in Greek thought and the Old Testament are also covered Chapter 21 covers the Christian life, including faith, ethics, and a mini Ecclesiology with regard to the doctrine of the church and the sacraments The concepts of faith and signs, abiding, and predestination are also covered Chapter 22 offers a discussion on the Holy Spirit, including the use of the terminology in Hellenistic religion, the Old Testament, the Synoptics, and the Gospel of John Discussions on the Paraclete and the mission of the Spirit round out the chapter Chapter 23 covers Ladd s Eschatology with regard to the Gospel of John After an examination of the critical problem and the structure, Ladd covers the coming of Christ, the resurrection, and the judgment.Part 3 covers the theology of the primitive church, primarily focusing on the book of Acts Chapter 24 briefly covers the critical problem of the theology of Acts Chapter 25 examines the concept of the resurrection including its importance and fact Chapter 26 discusses the eschatological kerygma teaching in Acts Topics include the historical Jesus, the suffering crucifixion of Jesus, the Kingdom of God, the ascension, the Messianic King, the Son of Man, and Jesus as Lord Chapter 27 examines the church with regard to the book of Acts The beginning of the church at Pentecost begins the chapter, as well as discussions on baptism, Christian fellowship, and the relationship to the church and Israel follow.Part 4 is an extended treatment on Pauline theology Chapter 28 offers an introduction to Paul, as well as provides the center of Pauline theology Chapter 29 examines the sources of Paul s thought, including tradition and the Old Testament Paul s apostolic authority and revelation are also included here Chapter 30 offers an extended treatment on major concepts of humanity outside of Christ The world, spiritual powers, Adam, conscience, sin, the law, the flesh, death, all contribute to the discussion An eschatological approach to these concepts is covered by Ladd Chapter 31 examines the person of Christ Christology from the perspective of Paul The Messiah, Christ as the Messiah, as well Jesus as Lord and Son of God and the Last Adam round out his Christology Chapter 32 offers a Pauline perspective on the work of Christ the atonement , specifically as a sacrificial, vicarious, substitutionary, propitiatory, receptive, and triumphant offering.Chapter 33 continues the discussion on the work of Christ by examining justification and reconciliation Ladd focuses on the eschatological and forensic nature of the concept of justification A brief discussion on imputation is also covered Reconciliation is examined from the objective and subjective aspects, as well as its need, character, and results Chapter 34 offers an extended treatment on Pauline psychology, including the condition of man, the inner person and conscience, as well as victory over the flesh Chapter 35 covers the new life in Christ, including detailed discussions on the concept of in Christ, as well as the concept of being dead to the flesh and the world and the metaphorical use of circumcision Chapter 36 offers a detailed discussion on the law, including the background to Paul s thought about the law and the law in the Messianic age Chapter 37 discusses the Christian life from a primarily ethical standpoint It includes discussions on asceticism and separation, worldly vices, social ethics, women, marriage, and slavery Chapter 38 offers Ladd s Ecclesiology from Pauline literature Spiritual gifts are covered, as well as the people of God and the church s relationship to Israel Discussions on the Eucharist and baptism are also covered Chapter 39 presents Ladd s Eschatology from Pauline literature, including both personal and cosmic Eschatology Topics include the intermediate state and the sleep of the dead, the return of Christ, the Kingdom of God, the mystery of lawlessness, the resurrection, the rapture, judgment, and the consummation.Part 5 offers a book by book treatment on the Theology of Hebrews and the general epistles Chapter 40 covers the Theology of Hebrews and includes discussions on dualism, Christology, and Christ as the High Priest Chapter 41 discusses the Theology of James including discussions on the church, temptation, the Christian life, and a comparison of James and Paul regarding justification by faith Chapter 42 offers a presentation on the Theology of 1 Peter, including covering the resurrection of Christ, Eschatology, atonement, and Christ s descent into Hades Chapter 43 examines the Theology of 2 Peter and Jude, including the inspiration of Scripture, angels, and the day of God Chapter 44 treats the Theology of the Johannine Epistles, including John s responding to heresy, the antichrist, and sin.Part 6 examines the Theology of the apocalypse, an extended treatment on the Theology of the book of the Revelation After a brief outline of the book, methods of interpretation are also covered, with the coming of the kingdom being the largest treatment in the chapter Chapter 46 offers an appendix from David Wenham on the unity and diversity of the New Testament, concluding there is unity in diversity of the New Testament This book earns 5 stars not for perfection of content, but for being the ideal type of a particular approach to the New Testament It shows that there really is such a thing as evangelical biblical scholarship, even if that scholarship has idiosyncrasies, as does every school of thought.