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@Download Kindle õ The Prophet Unarmed: Trotsky, 1921-1929 õ Few political figures of the twentieth century have aroused as much controversy as the Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky Trotsky s extraordinary life and extensive writings have left an indelible mark on revolutionary conscience, yet there was a danger that his name would disappear from history Originally published in , Deutscher s magisterial three volume biography was the first major publication to counter the powerful Stalinist propaganda machine In this definitive biography Trotsky emerges in his real stature, as the most heroic, and ultimately tragic, character of the Russian RevolutionThis second volume of the trilogy, first published in , is a self contained account of the great struggle between Stalin and Trotsky that followed the end of the civil war in Russia inand the death of Lenin From the narrative of Trostsky s uncompromising opposition to Stalin s policies emerge character studies of the important Soviet leaders a brilliant portrait of Trotsky the man of ideas, the Marxist philosopher and literary critic and a new assessment of the causes of defeat which led to his expulsion from the party, his exile, and his banishment from Russia This was harder to get through than The Prophet Armed which is to be expected, given that the story of a revolution should probably haveexciting set pieces than internal policy debates That being said, it s still highly readable, and I m so glad that I m taking the time needed to read a 3 volume biography of one man s life I came away with five things from the second volume of Isaac Deutscher s incomparable Trotsky biography The Prophet Unarmed Some of these thoughts are new to me, some of them are solidifications of ideas or opinions I already had, but they are what I leave this book with and, I think, worth sharing.5 Stalin destroyed the promise of Engels, Marx and Lenin He stained communism And he provided capitalism with the ugliness it needed to vilify communism in the minds of their own, potentially d I came away with five things from the second volume of Isaac Deutscher s incomparable Trotsky biography The Prophet Unarmed Some of these thoughts are new to me, some of them are solidifications of ideas or opinions I already had, but they are what I leave this book with and, I think, worth sharing.5 Stalin destroyed the promise of Engels, Marx and Lenin He stained communism And he provided capitalism with the ugliness it needed to vilify communism in the minds of their own, potentially dangerous, proletarian ranks His need for power, the way he achieved it, his authoritarianism none of these things a feature of genuine communism all came to represent communism in the minds of the capitalist west Stalin s very existence was capitalism s best propaganda tool against communism And this man who was neither a Bolshevik nor a true Communist remains the best tool to this day with neo Stalinists Mao and Pol Pot a close second and third.4 The U.S., England and their European lackeys should be ashamed of themselves as usual because it would have been vastlydifficult if not impossible for Stalin to have achieved power if it weren t for their meddling in the earliest days of the Soviet Union Arms and advisors sent to the White Guard during the Civil War, isolationist policies, boycotts, etc., etc., worsened already terrible conditions in post Tsarist Russia, forcing the early Bolsheviks into compromising their principles to ensure survival, and once those principles were compromised the situation became easier and easier for Stalin to manipulate While the west s support of the counter revolution failed in the short term, it certainly succeeded in condemning the Soviet Union to totalitarianism in the long term.3 The methods, tactics and controls of Stalinism are not all that different from contemporary North America Our right wing engages in fear mongering, disinformation, media manipulation, vilification of dissenters, purges, and claims to moral superiority and historical loyalty they re tactics are so commonplace as to be almost unnoticeable to everyday citizens Worse still, our left is as apathetic and conciliatory as most of the Left Opposition that Trotsky tried in vain to rally in his day Our liberals clamour on about how nice and polite and correct they are, about how stupid and racist and misogynistic the right is, but they ve not learned the lesson that their enlightenment is a minority enlightenment that can only be turned into a majority enlightenment through hard work and a conscious effort to negate their tendency to condescension History repeating itself Again 2 Trotsky was a great man Some can be great revolutionaries Some can be great thinkers Some can be great leaders Some can be great diplomats Some can be great warriors Some can be great writers Some can be great winners Some can be great losers Some can live great lives Some can die great deaths But very few can be and do all of them in their lifetime Trotsky was great at every single one In the annals of socialism only Marx and Lenin can match him although Engels and Che surely deserve honourable mentions The hatchet to the brain was a great loss to us all.1 Communism can t succeed Not because of any bullshit about the superiority of capitalism Not because communism is inherently evil as ultra capitalists would have us believe Not even because it is unworkable Communism can t succeed because it hard fucking work To be a communist, to create a communist society, everyone must be dedicated to selflessness, to hard work, to action, to trust, to reason, to each other But most humans are too selfish, too apathetic, too untrusting, too unreasonable, too lazy to achieve the requirements of communism, and so communism must fail.But I ve a crappy lance, a skinny horse, and a world full of windmills, so I ll keep fighting . This was as great as expected, recommended from a generation of writers and thinkers who cut their teeth on this one It is not really a biography but historical drama, with politics as its focus, and Trotsky the main star It would be a mistake to avoid this, feeling that you need to have a position on communism It is not necessary at every step of the way Deutscher pitches his story at the level of monumental stakes where millions of lives are concerned, and how one brilliant man came to ter This was as great as expected, recommended from a generation of writers and thinkers who cut their teeth on this one It is not really a biography but historical drama, with politics as its focus, and Trotsky the main star It would be a mistake to avoid this, feeling that you need to have a position on communism It is not necessary at every step of the way Deutscher pitches his story at the level of monumental stakes where millions of lives are concerned, and how one brilliant man came to terms trying to define those stakes, to lead his people a certain way It is the thinking man who is the prophet , not the one who may or may have not got things right about the 20th century Hitchens had a good line about why Trotsky survives as a figurehead, whereas others were localized before they were defeated He credits Deutscher as a Talmudic scholar and a Marxist polymath On both, Deutscher pauses halfway in to address Trotsky s Jewishness As a rule the progressive or revolutionary Jew, brought up on the border lines of various religions and national cultures, whether Spinoza or Marx, Heine or Freud, Rosa Luxemburg or Trotsky was particularly apt to transcend in his mind religious and national limitations and to identify himself with a universal view of mankind He was therefore also peculiarly vulnerable whenever either religious fanaticisms or nationalist emotions ran high Spinoza and Marx, Heine and Freud, Rosa Luxemburg and Trotsky, all suffered excommunication, exile, and moral or physical assassination and the writings of all were burned at the stake Excellent quote but you would think the revolutionary Jew from Nazareth should at least get a nod There is way too much to even begin to summarize, whether coming to terms with an absurdity like inner party democracy or in trying to imagine who you would favor, the working class or the wealthy peasantry The bourgeoisie actually have their uses, which was one of the pleasant surprises of this book What explains Trotsky s failure to seize power after Lenin died The plot is exceptionally thick, and what you won t get is Hamlet like explanations for why not By contrast, I dipped into the Robert Service biography and in five minutes of browsing was told outright that Trotsky is a murderer and that one time in the early 1920s he looked the other way from his wife If you need to feel superior than your subject, then Deutscher s is not the one for you But if you re into a person whose cultural and educational philosophy is against half knowledge and semi competence p 141 2 and who, surprisingly, didn t favor abusive language, please, give this one a go