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{Read Pdf} â The Shame of the Nation: The Restoration of Apartheid Schooling in America õ Since the early s, when the federal courts began dismantling the landmark ruling in Brown v Board of Education, segregation of black children has reverted to its highest level sinceIn many inner city schools, a stick and carrot method of behavioral control traditionally used in prisons is now used with students Meanwhile, as high stakes testing takes on pathological and punitive dimensions, liberal education has been increasingly replaced by culturally barren and robotic methods of instruction that would be rejected out of hand by schools that serve the mainstream of societyFilled with the passionate voices of children, principals, and teachers, and some of the most revered leaders in the black community, The Shame of the Nation pays tribute to those undefeated educators who persist against the odds, but directly challenges the chilling practices now being forced upon our urban systems In their place, Kozol offers a humane, dramatic challenge to our nation to fulfill at last the promise made someyears ago to all our youngest citizens Kozol has been writing about education in America, its failings and inequities, with talent for decades I was impressed with the factual nature of the presentation He makes an argument that the roots of our currently segregated system, in which blacks, particularly poor blacks are segregated into schools that are less well funded, feature educational programs that are rigid and stultifying, and are often shunted into low wage job training before they are 12 The argument holds up very well, as Kozol has been writing about education in America, its failings and inequities, with talent for decades I was impressed with the factual nature of the presentation He makes an argument that the roots of our currently segregated system, in which blacks, particularly poor blacks are segregated into schools that are less well funded, feature educational programs that are rigid and stultifying, and are often shunted into low wage job training before they are 12 The argument holds up very well, as does his indictment of decades of conservative urban school reform They keep saying we know what works but what they trydoesn t workand what they avoid, desegregationdoes Also impressive is the way Kozol weaves hope into his narrative The stories of students who make it out, the stories of teachers who, despite the challenges, find a way to teach well in urban districts The administrators who recognize how military style education and over testing is destroying many educations, almost as much as inequitable funding and segregation Although Kozol makes a compelling argument about how segregated inner city schools are in this nation, he implies that integration will automatically make urban schools better My question for him is, how Putting people of different backgrounds in one school does not guarantee that the school will automatically be better My issue is, he critiques predominantly black Hispanic schools for being too much of the same but he barely addresses how predominantly white schools are posing the same pro Although Kozol makes a compelling argument about how segregated inner city schools are in this nation, he implies that integration will automatically make urban schools better My question for him is, how Putting people of different backgrounds in one school does not guarantee that the school will automatically be better My issue is, he critiques predominantly black Hispanic schools for being too much of the same but he barely addresses how predominantly white schools are posing the same problem Once again, whiteness is normalized, and I just cannot accept that We already know schools are segregated I want some research that proves that integration works academically, socially and emotionally Will there bediscussions of race class schooling in integrated schools How will students learn to respect diversity apart from superficial cultural days These are the questions I want answered Throughout The Shame of a Nation, author Jonathan Kozol describes his journey through 60 different inner city school detailing the discrepancies between those and rural schools Kozol sheds some light on apartheid schooling, where minorities specifically black and hispanic students make up virtually the entire student body Kozol details how the American education system is failing these students particularly because these schools are underfunded, hire untrained teachers, and are overcrowded Throughout The Shame of a Nation, author Jonathan Kozol describes his journey through 60 different inner city school detailing the discrepancies between those and rural schools Kozol sheds some light on apartheid schooling, where minorities specifically black and hispanic students make up virtually the entire student body Kozol details how the American education system is failing these students particularly because these schools are underfunded, hire untrained teachers, and are overcrowded Kozol doesn t just point these facts out, rather he compares these schools with those in rural areas that receivefunding and thus provide aadvantageous environment for young and eager minds Kozol often alludes to the Brown v Board of Education decision as well as the separate but equal doctrine, allowing him to illuminate a side of the education system that many want to keep in the dark Kozol uses his experiences and statistics to explain how and why inner city schools are being forced to fail their students He sheds light on the fact that the government simply does not supply these schools with the tools necessary for a quality education As mentioned, inner city schools, who are primarily filled with black and hispanic students, have unqualified teachers who are not properly trained feeding the brains of young students Not only this, but there is an extreme difference in the amount of funding that inner city schools receive in comparison to rural area schools This is on top of the fact that a majority of the students at these schools already live in poverty One of the most heart wrenching topics that Kozol recognizes is how people provide little hope to these urban students In his personal experiences visiting these schools, Kozol explains how students are often ranked on a 1 4 scale depending on one s intelligence, where students on the lower end of the spectrum are often ostracized and overlooked All of this helps Kozol to demonstrate how the decisions made in Brown v Board of Education as well as the separate but equal doctrine have almost become nonexistent in today s schools Schools continue to be segregated and have large concentrations of certain races within them, and Kozol has made it undoubtedly clear that the educational facilities that are promised to children in order to help them grow into bright adolescents are far from equal Jonathan Kozol has spent virtually his entire adult life serving as an advocate for equal educational opportunities for all He became a 4th grade teacher based in a black impoverished neighborhood of Boston in 1964 Kozol has written numerous books that detail his experiences as a teacher as well as describe the conditions of underfunded schools in America It was his time spent as a 4th grade teacher where he encountered the same issues and conditions that he would witness over and over again when he would begin his five year project of The Shame of a Nation Many of Kozol s works have been nominated and have won awards, including the 1968 National Book Award in Science, Philosophy, and Religion, the National Book Critics Circle Award of 1992, and the Anisfield Wolf Book Award of 1996 Kozol himself has a highly recognizable name when it comes to activism regarding educational equality Personally, I thoroughly enjoyed reading The Shame of a Nation It was a very insightful book that provided an in depth look at the vast differences between rural and inner city schools Kozol does an excellent job of engaging the reader and forces them to provoke emotion primarily anger in my case The Shame of a Nation was very informative, especially with the integration of the statistics that Kozol emphasized I always knew that all schools weren t equal in the sense of some schools havingadvanced technology,money, etc However it was Kozol who informed me that countless American schools continue to practice segregation as well as helping me to understand just how dramatic the differences in treatment schools receive based on their location and who goes there Additionally, I thought that Kozol was successful in helping his readers understand that the promised right to a quality education is not in fact a guaranteed right, but merely a privilege that some receive based on their socio economic background Coming from a school that supplies well qualified teachers as well as the technology and materials necessary for me to succeed, makes it difficult for me to fully comprehend what it is like to go to school under any other circumstance However Kozol s work gives me a second hand view into schools that don t come close to the caliber of my own His detailing of these inner city schools helps to accentuate the education that many students take for granted At my school for example, students are supplied with chromebooks, textbooks, workbooks, and other technologies that enable us to control our own education It is at these inner city schools however where the educational path for students is already planned for them some will graduate, and as for the others, there is no hope It was disheartening to read and come to the realization that there are a copious amount of schools in the US in which the government allows to attempt to raise the country s future with insufficient supplies Overall, one of the biggest and saddest takeaways I got from The Shame of a Nation was that education serves as the foundation of a person s success, however there are millions of minority children who are being stripped of the right to this foundation because of a lack of hope and where they to happen go to school Given the amount of Kozol s work that I have read, I m going to just write 1 review for now His works on poverty, homelessness, and adult illiteracy are also worth reading, but I am most impressed by his books on the absolutely atrocious state of American education If you are going to choose just one of his books, I would suggest this one his most recent indictment of racism and classism in our public schools or Savage Inequalities a scathing report on public school systems across the cou Given the amount of Kozol s work that I have read, I m going to just write 1 review for now His works on poverty, homelessness, and adult illiteracy are also worth reading, but I am most impressed by his books on the absolutely atrocious state of American education If you are going to choose just one of his books, I would suggest this one his most recent indictment of racism and classism in our public schools or Savage Inequalities a scathing report on public school systems across the country which, though written in the 1990s, is sadly not too far off from the situation now Although Kozol s grammar and writing style frustrates me at times, these are ultimately mere quibbles with his books the importance of his content, his attention to detail and statistics, his talent for exposing gripping personal stories within the larger context, his passion for his topics, and his compassion for his subjects overshadows any technical flaws